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"Bangkok 21" - Study of the Future, Thailand, 2007 - 2008

Thailand's Capital, Bangkok, is located within a metropolitan region which has been developing, up until now, in a monocentric fashion. For this reason it has been labeled as a typical ‘primate city'. Resulting transportation and urban planning challenges were identified by AS&P and future development possibilities were studied. The initiative ‘Bangkok 21', triggered by ITS Consultancy, GTZ - Gesellschaft für technische Zusammenarbeit and Siemens will highlight ways in which Bangkok can play a leading role among the metropolises of the 21st century. Sustainable urban growth adheres to the same assumptions as the ‘transit-oriented city', such that dense urban sub-centers exist at public transportation nodes. The plans for the public transit network within the structured (monocentric) urban area support the development of these sub-centers. Within the polycentric metropolitan region, an adequate public transportation system fosters the development of satellite cities, which form a system of central locations connected to one another. The areal development is restricted through regional green belts.

Strategic concept for public transit development and regional green belts


Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH (vormals GTZ GmbH), Siemens AG / ITS Consultancy Group Ltd., Bangkok